Different types of Sleep disorder

Sleeplessness 1Sleep disorder is characterized by difficulty in having quality, timely and deep sleep. It can impinge on the state of your physical, emotional and mental health.

There are so many types of sleep disorders with many discomforting attributes like; daytime sleepiness, lack of energy and difficulty in concentrating. Sleep disorder is not only lack of adequate sleep but excess sleep is also a form of sleep disorder.

According to the American Psychiatric Association, 10-20 percent of people complain of significant sleep problems while about 33.3 per cent of adults report insomnia symptoms. It has also being said that 70 million Americans suffer from sleep disorders.

This post will discuss few of the sleep disorders, while subsequent edition will look at remedies for the disorders.

Some of the most important sleep disorders are:

    • Bed wetting
    • Psychiatric disorder
    • Sleep apneasleepless 3
    • Restless legs syndrome
    • Narcolepsy
    • Insomnia

Let us see more information on the six different types of sleep disorders

1. Bedwetting

Bedwetting or nocturnal enuresis is an involuntary or an unintentional release of urine while asleep. It is most common with children below the age of 7 while some adults also have this challenge. Bedwetting often leave behind wet bedding, pajamas and an embarrassed child. The child often time may not want to socialize while sleeping outside home becomes a nightmare for the child. The American Sleeping foundation estimated that seven million children in the United States wet their beds on pajamas.

This night incontinence (and/or daytime in some other cases) is part of child development, however, if it continues to happen after the age of 7, it is important to see the doctor to ascertain that there are no underlying medical condition such as obstruction of the urinary tract.

2. Psychiatric or medical conditions

Loss of sleep can also be due to psychiatric problems like; anxiety, bipolar disorder, panic, depression, and alcoholism. This category is also inclusive of sleeping sickness, a parasitic sleep disease caused by Tsetse flies.

3. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

It is a sleep disorder whereby breathing is periodically and repeatedly interrupted due to narrowed or blocked airways. When the muscles in the upper throat relax during sleep it closes and block the throat airway causing loud, labored snoring and stressful sleep interruptions frequently throughout a single night, and resulting in severe daytime drowsiness, depression, moodiness, and inability to concentrate during the waking hours. This stop in breathing is called apnea.

Features of Sleep Apnea

  • Snoring is a tell-tale evidence caused by air squeezing through the narrowed or blocked airway. Not everyone who snores has sleep apnea though.
  • A lower jaw that is short compared to your upper jaw
  • Certain shapes of the roof of your mouth (palate) or airway that cause it to collapse more easily.
  • Large neck or collar size, 17 inches (43 centimeters) or more in men and 16 inches (41 centimeters) or more in women
  • Large tongue, which may fall back and block the airway
  • Obesity
  • Large tonsils and adenoids that can block the airway

Other factors also may increase your risk:

4. Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)?

This type of sleep disorder makes it difficult to stay asleep due to an almost irresistible feeling to move the legs characterized by creeping, crawling, tingling and burning sensation. This feeling do not make the affected people to have enough or deep sleep and may therefore feel tired during the day, irritable, lack focus and unable to stay too long at social function except they keep moving up and shaking their leg. RLS can either be primary or secondary, mild or severe. Medical attention should be sought to relieve the condition.

5. Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is another chronic form of sleep disorders. It affects not too many people, however, it is “sleep like to be dead”. The condition itself causes dysfunction in the brain mechanisms that manage sleeping and waking—causing a person to immediately fall asleep irrespective of the ongoing activities. It can affect someone a midst a conversation, driving, walking, driving, climbing stairs, working or at the dining table etc. Most people with narpolepsy are extremely fatigued during the daytime hours, and suffer from hallucinations, muscle deterioration, sleep paralysis, and fainting.

6. Insomnia

Insomnia is the most popular form of sleep disorder that make going to sleep, staying asleep difficult; it can cause you to wake up too early and rob you of going back to bed. This usually means the inability to initiate or maintain continuous sleep.

Statistic shows that Insomnia affects nearly 40% of women and 30% of men. It affects over 50% of people over the age of 65.

Other symptoms are;

  • Non restorative night sleep.
  • Tiredness and sleepiness during the day.
  • Anxiety, Irritability or depression.
  • Distorted attention, concentration on assignments blurred memory.
  • Increased errors or accidents.
  • Ongoing worries about sleep.

Insomnia in elderly people may be due to frequent arousal and reversal of sleeping hours from night to day while transient insomnia is as a result of situational stresses such as family, work, or school problems; jet lag; illness; or loss of a loved one.

Chronic Insomnia is due to stress, life events and habits that disrupt sleep, it can last longer than a month. The symptoms of insomnia rarely require confirmed diagnosis. However, acute insomnia generally does not require a sleep study for confirmed diagnosis. When it is observed that Insomnia is present for at least 6 months and there is no response to behavioral, medical, or psychiatric treatment, a sleep study will be required.

Insomnia is reputed to have a negative impact on quality of life, depriving her patient of competitive energy level, stable emotion and sound health.

What to do when you experience sleep disorders?

If you suspect that you may have a sleep disorder, discuss your symptoms with your primary care doctor. He or she can perform a physical exam and help you identify the difficulties you are having with sleep. Keeping a sleep diary for two weeks may be helpful to your doctor. Some illnesses can cause disturbed sleep, so your doctor may order tests to rule out other conditions.

doctor 2

If your doctor suspect that you have a sleep disorder, he or she may refer you to a sleep disorder clinic. A sleep specialist will review your symptoms and may suggest that you undergo a sleep study.

Please do not lose hope, search diligently and I am sure there is a solution somewhere for you.

About Ofem

Hi everyone, welcome to my Sleeplessness website.

Sleeplessness and other related consequences have been a topic of interest to me for several years. I have been a victim of the negative consequences of sleeplessness for years, this compelled me to begin to search for better ways of managing and/ or treating the sleeplessness challenge.



I have suffered the consequences of sleeplessness typically characterized by drowsiness as a student, driver and corporate worker. In some worst cases, some people have said it was a hereditary problem for me, while some have simply said I might have contacted sleeping sickness, since I easily fall asleep particularly when not actively engaged in a serious task.

As a student, I have fallen asleep while receiving lectures and writing examinations; as a driver, I have dosed-off while driving in traffic that is typical of metropolitan area traffic jamsleep driving after a hectic day at work. On many occasion, I have scratched nearby vehicle when suddenly gripped by the invincible hand of drowsiness, while street urchins have also dispossessed me of my phones in similar circumstances. I have struggled many times with heavy eyelids in office meetings and on some occasions dosed-off within my work space.

Sleeplessness consciously or unconsciously can can have embarrassing consequences as I have experienced in time past and that is one of the reasons why I am passionate about sharing how I got solution and overcome the deadly impact of sleepiness, drowsiness, sleep walking etc.


Statistics (American Sleeping Association, ASA) have shown that many people suffer from insomnia, sleeplessness, drowsiness, sleepwalking, snoring, sleep disorder and so many other names you might want to call it and the number is still growing;

  1. 50-70 million US adults have a sleep disorder.
  2. 48.0% report snoring.
  3. 37.9% reported unintentionally falling asleep during the day at least once in the preceding month.

This problem when not properly taking care off can lead to;

  1. academic failure.
  2. road accident fatalities.restless
  3. business failure
  4. customer attrition
  5. job losses
  6. lack of confidence
  7. depression
  8. suicide and many more.


Having made significant improvement in overcoming this problem, this platform is dedicated to sharing best-practice in proffering solution to the problem of sleeplessness et al. through; personal discovery and responsibility, medical and pharmaceutical advisory and spiritual counseling.

Your Sleeplessness can become a past event!

Your Sleeplessness can become a past event

Sleeplessness is often related to the inability to sleep or get sufficient sleep when required. It is a problem that is often related to restlessness, stress and insomnolence. Sleeplessness as a periodic and consistent problem affects millions of people in our world with grave consequences.

sleeplessness and restlessness

When you are asleep, the brain and body undertakes several repairs and rejuvenation of the body system. According to the National Institute of Health, sufficient sleep is really important for maintaining our overall health condition, a deprivation of sufficient rest impinge on the quality of our physical and mental health.

The amount of sleep that you require does not only depends on your age but other factors like pregnancy, aging, previous sleep deprivation and sleep quality. According to Mayo Clinic, most adults need 7 to 9 hours of sleep per night while children need more.

Let us quickly see some 6 steps to overcome sleeplessness

  1. Do not accumulate “sleep debt”

If you are involved in activities that deprives you of sleep or you are burning the candle at both ends,then you are on the way to accumulating “sleep debt”, just like taking a bank loan. If you don’t begin to pay down within a planned schedule, your bankers will foreclose or demand a forceful repayment. Failure to repay your “sleep debt” will cause a forceful demand by your body leading to physical and mental imbalances.


  1. Cut-down and stop intake of alcohol and stimulants

The taking of stimulants like caffeine and nicotine can have effects on the body lasting up to alcohol drinking24 hours with the negative effect of making the process of falling asleep difficult with frequent awakening. Alcohol has some sedative effect on its initial consumption with the ultimate impact of a restless night. Ensure you take advice from a medical practioner on when and how to take drugs with stimulants that may result in sleeplessness.

  1. Do not overdraw naps opportunity

You don’t have to take nap at every slightest opportunity you have to fill gaps of missed sleep. Uncontrolled napping will impact on the quality of your night sleep. Best practice is to have a well-structured sleeping pattern that has regularity to when you go to bed, accustoming yourself to when to wake up.

  1. Restrict bedtime activities

Re-organise your bedroom engagements and take-off as much as possible other activities that may raise your tension, alertness or cause restiveness like; studying, phone calls, cheque book signing, account balance checking, record books, diary filling and watching/listening to television and radio etc. The bed is for sleeping and having sex and that’s it.

  1. Make your sleeping environment comfortable.

Ensure that your room environment is comfortable for a good sleep. You need to give comfortable bedroom 2consideration to your bed type, beddings, night gown, room temperature, lighting, and noise level. You have to critically determine if you want your pets and children (if they are not babies) to be in the same room where you sleep.


  1. Avoid depression

Irrespective of the problems around you, you need to keep a positive outlook and expectation; ensure that by all means you avoid worrying depressedand depression. People with traits of depression and schizophrenia have sleeping problems dotted with mental disorders. When you wake-up early in the morning and find it difficult to get back to sleep, you may already be courting depression.


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